Fake News: the Scourge of the Digital Age

At a time when social networks continue to increase their presence in our daily lives, fake news is also increasingly present in the information provided by the media . But contrary to what one might think, fake news, or “infox” in French , did not wait for the arrival of the internet to appear. The most striking French example, which will last in the memories of those who lived it, remains the lie linked to Chernobyl . In 1986, a few days after the Estonia Phone Numbers List disaster, the weather forecasters affirmed that the presence of an anticyclone in the east of France would make it possible to counter the progression of the radioactive cloud. One of the biggest French lies relayed by the media.

The fake news are thus present for decades , but the current social networks contributed to intensify and expand their distribution . The rapidity of this propagation therefore leads to congestion in the digital sphere, through information pollution , which can cause harm to both individuals and professionals. Fake news is no longer just about state or business secrets. Digitization has contributed to their development and today, any average individual can be a victim. As digital experts , we explain how to learn to identify these fake news to better protect yourself against it!

Info X: Knowing How to Identify and Counter Them

A fake news: what is it exactly? Pascal Froissart, teacher-researcher in communication in Paris, defines fake news as “false news knowingly launched in the media field”. Infox can pursue various objectives: deceive an audience, generate more traffic on a website by using a very catchy title or influence public opinion. Trump’s presidential campaign has faced a lot of fake news! Fake news in particular played a key role in terms of influencing public opinion during the election of Donald Trump in 2016. One of the most famous fake news will remain the pope’s support for Donald Trump during his campaign. Relayed on many social networks, it reached nearly a million people before being publicly denied by the Pope.

Their presence is multiplying in all areas: politics, sport, business, cinema and many more. The latter was also recently the target following the process of “deepfake”, which allowed to invert the faces of Jack Nicholson and Jim Carrey in the film Shining, for a more than realistic result, something to be cold. in the back. Learn to recognize them: the right questions to ask yourself In order to be able to identify infoxes, several questions can help you determine the reliability of the information you are faced with on a daily basis. What is the source of my information? Always look at the source of your information. The author can be a famous newspaper or a large news agency, thus ensuring the credibility of the statement.

Conversely, if the Source Is Not Mentioned or if the Author Seems

to be a blog or a little or unknown website, it is better to be wary! Ask yourself the right questions to identify fake news! Are the visuals consistent with my information? Carefully observe the visuals that accompany your information. Photos or videos, take a few minutes to review the main points : the time of day, the location, the clothes worn or the language spoken by the people in the visual. So many details that will allow you to assess the reliability of your information. Is my information relayed to other media ? If the information is very “crisp”, especially do not cry wolf too quickly. Contact the source informant directly to ask for a “quote” and some details. If that sounds trustworthy to you, then go for it!

Always remember to compare your sources when you are faced with possible fake news! You can also choose to compare your information . With just a few clicks, you can quickly check whether it has been relayed to other media or not. If so, you can analyze both sources to determine consistency between them. Otherwise, if your information has not been relayed, you may be facing fake news! The anti-fake news law: the beginnings of a long fight Adopted at the end of 2018, the law against the “manipulation of information” aims to eliminate false information from the media universe, in particular during the three months preceding a national vote. The main actors of social networks (Google, Facebook or Twitter) are also solicited through this law,

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